Information seaching is a process that takes time.

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The information-seeking process

Searching information for tasks and thesis in school requires a lot, information retrieval is a process. You usually illustrate the information-seeking process as a wheel. The following figure illustrates the information process and how it is a constant movement between the different parts of the wheel.

Query

The information process begins by formulating a query. What is the information you are looking for? What aspect? Is there any particular group of people? Women? Men? Children or adolescents?

Keywords

Based on the question, you start looking for meaning-bearing words  that you use when searching. Take all unnecessary words and concentrate on nouns.

Sources

Then choose where to search. Examples of a source may be a subject database, library catalogue or a search engine on the Internet. It depends on what material you need. Do you want books on the subject first maybe? Then you start searching either in our local library search Primo or in the national library catalogue Libris. If you need a scientific article, go to one of our subject databases to get the material. You can also start searching in Primo. But to do specific searches, it is better to choose a subject database within the subject. Begin here.

Seeking and Retrieve

After the source selection, it is time for the seeking procedure itself.  Enter a keyword and then narrow down with more words. You look through your hit list and see what you got. Something useful? If you have advanced a bit in the information search process, you may be using a more advanced searching.

Evaluate

Now you reached the last box in the wheel where you evaluate your information and then you start over again with new words that you may have found among your searches. If you have found an article that is reasonably good, you can search for the subject Headings. Subject usually appear as link text and are slightly different in the different databases, but search for words such as Subject, Subject headings, Identifier, DE. Etc. These words are controlled vocabulary unlike the author’s keywords and are found in subject lists also called Thesaurus. Topics are found in the databases to highlight the articles so you know that you get everything about a particular subject if you search using the topic. It is not rare that the subject consists of a phrase.

Yes, as you can see, information retrieval is an art that you learn through exercise and do not forget that it must take time.

Text: Lena Wadell
Foto: Mostphotos,