There is an agreement that regulates copying for students and teachers at universities in Sweden. The agreement is made between the organisation Bonus Copyright Accessand The Association of Swedish Higher Education.
First, one can consider what “a copy” is. According the agreement the following activities equals copying:
- Save a digital file
So now we know what a copy is, time to look into the heart of the matter: How much are you allowed to copy?
The 15/15-rule is central in the agreement. This rule means that you are allowed to copy 15 % of a book, but no more than 15 pages (every six month). So – if you have a 100 page book, you are allowed to copy 15 pages from this book. If you have a 200 page book (15 % of the book is 30 pages), you may copy 15 pages of the book. And if you have a 60 page book (where 15 % are 9 pages), you may copy 9 pages.
Here’s a brochure summarizing the agreement, if you want to read about other aspects of the agreement.
In conclusion: You may copy 15 %, or 15 pages, of a book you’re going to use in your studies.
If you do not follow the agreement for copying, for example by copying more than you are allowed to, you are guilty of infringement of copyright, and that may result in a liability to pay damages.
Text: Katharina Nordling
Pictures: Josh Applegate on Unsplash and Colourbox