Hawking: The Theory of Everything

1990023_origIt was not long ago we wrote a film related post in this blog, and now it’s time for another film about a prominent scientist. This time it’s the famous theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking, who’s also from Britain. The film in question is called The Theory of Everything and is about Hawking’s love of life, physics, and his wife Jane.

As a 21-year-old graduate student Hawking were informed that he had ALS, a nerve disorder that causes the nerve cells that control the body’s muscles to gradually atrophy. The disease often shortens the life significantly, and half of those affected die within 3 years, and another 25 percent die within five years after the first symptoms. Stephen Hawking has now lived for over 50 years after he received his first symptoms.

In theoretical cosmology and quantum mechanics Hawking has made significant achievements. He has among other things (along with three other scientists) developed a mathematical proof that all black holes can be fully described by the three characteristics mass, angular momentum, and electric charge. In addition he, on his own, presented a hypothesis that black holes can actually emit radiation, known as Hawking radiation.

Hawking has also written some bestselling popular science books in the field of physics, some of these are available to borrow from us at the library. If you’d rather read scientific articles written by Hawking, you can find several pieces in the journals we subscribe to.

hawking_booksText: Katharina Nordling

Photo: Stephen Hawkings web page.

The film about Alan Turing – Codebreaker

ThisAlan_Turing_photo Friday, a film about a well-known scientist is premiered at Swedish cinemas. It’s the film The Imitation Game  with Alan Turing as main character. Turing was an English mathematician and logician who during World War II led the efforts to decihper the Germans code for secret messages. This was done using an electromechanical machine that Turing construated.

Alan Turing was born in 1912 and died in 1954 (from cyanide poisoning), during his time in life Turing achieved a lot, among other things he is known as one of the founding fathers to modern computer science. Turing is also known for the Turing test, a test used to evaluate artificial intelligence (AI).

If you want to read more about Alan Turing, or read some of the articles written by him, check out the sources below, all of them are available through the library. Search for the title you’re intreseted in using Summon and you will find the book or article.

Articles written by Alan Turing:
– Turing, A.M. & Bayley D. (2012). Report on Speech Secrecy System DELILAH, a Technical Description Compiled by A. M. Turing and Lieutenant D. Bayley REME, 1945–1946. Cryptoligica, 36, ss 295-340.

– Turing, A.M. (2003). Alan M. Turing’s critique of running short cribs on the U.S. Navy Bombe. Cryptologica, 27, ss. 44-49.

Books written about Alan Turing:

Essential Turing: Classic Writings on Minds and Computers av Jack B. Copeland, published 2004 (e-book).

Alan Turing av Jim Eldridge, published 2013 (Printed book).

Alan Turing av Sara Turing, published 2012 (e-book).

Alan Turing and his Contemporaries: Building the World’s First Computers av Simon Lavington, Chris Burton och Martin Campbell-Kelly, published 2012 (e-book).

Alan Turing: The Enigma av Andrew Hodges, published 2012 (e-book).

turingbockerText: Katharina Nordling