Let the databases help out with referencing

Most student essays and theses require correct referencing, this means that you need to place references to your sources both in the text and in a bibliography or a reference list at the end of your document. The references are sorted in alphabetical order and should contain sufficient information for your readers to easily find the documents you have used in your work.

There are automatic functions available in various search engines to automatically extract citations for a bibliography. Here are some examples:

Primo – www.hb.se/library
The library’s new discovery tool. Here you will find references to our print book collection as well as lots of e-books and articles.

Libris – libris.kb.se
Sweden’s national library catalog. Here you can find books, dissertations, reports and more available at Swedish libraries.

Google Scholar – scholar.google.com 
Here you can do a broad search for scientific literature. You also can find student papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from universities and academic publishers here. Note, however, that everything in Google Scholar is not “scientific” but there are still different in content and functions other than the search engine Google.

Adjustments necessary
Please note that the  formatting and content can vary between different search engines – therefore, always make sure that all references in your source list has a consistent look and conforms to your preferred style.

Reference to a book:
Eklund, K. (2007). Our economy: An introduction to the national economy. 11. Edition, Stockholm: Norstedts..

Reference to a journal article:
Elmqvist, C., Brown, D., Fridlund, B., & Ekebergh, M. (2010). Being first on the scene of an accident – experiences of ‘doing’ prehospital emergency care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24 (2), ss. 266-273.

Text: Sara Hellberg
Picture: Colourbox

Teaching Information Literacy at the Library

1At the library we are five librarians involved in teaching students information literacy skills. It is Christel (as you see in the picture), she is responsible mainly for the students who are studying Education,  Birgitta for the Librarianship, Information  and Engineering, Sara for Web Editors, the Caring Science and Social Wellfare, Karin for Textiles and Fashion and Lena is responsible for the students who are studying Business, Informatics and Work Life.

Since 2009, the teaching is planned according to a model in which we librarians are planning together with the programme managers and course coordinators at the faculties. It aims to support students in developing information literacy skills. To achieve the best results the education has to be integrated into regular courses. It is important that there is a study assignment in the course that can be linked to information seeking.  The teaching will never be the same, but vary by student subjects and skills. It it free of charges for the faculties.

Optimally, we teach information seeking tree times during the student’s study time here.  It is  very clear that those who take the opportunity to come, often discover that it is not the same to seek scientific information and what they need for their studies as searching or googling the information they need in their everyday lives. The cooperation Library-Faculty is also important for us to get information about the size of the groups and previous knowledge, etc.

We have progression in our teaching so the first time the student comes to us, she or he learn to  search, evaluate  information generally in some common resources such as the library catalog Summon.  The second level provides a deeper knowledge  in the scientific information retrieval process. We introduce different search strategies. In the third  level, we demonstrate systematic information retrieval in relevant databases, eg thesaurus construction and to use search history and citation indexes. Although reference management software as EndNote usually included here. The last step will be helpful before and during the whole thesis.

The students study assignment for these educations are  often to search, evaluate and use scientific information on a given topic. Therefore, we almost always teach in form of a workshop. The students need to sit down and try to do different searches on their own. They have the librarian to consult.  At the library, we have  our own classroom ( J438) with computers. We think it is good that the students come to us at the library so they get used to come here.

Contacts for teaching

Text and photo: Lena Wadell

Source criticism and plagiarism

You might be in the midst of searching for scientific articles for your thesis or assignment. Do not forget to think critically when you do this work!

COLOURBOX1947363Source criticism is a method to examine the information and facts contained in the sources you choose to use. You value the sources and choose carefully what you want to include. Do not forget to use source criticism on other than text. For example pictures and video that nowdays are equally important to source view given how much you can edit and process them. Remember to differentiate between a primary source and secondary source. The Academy is considered primary sources (first-hand) to be more reliable. You can use following questions, irrespective of the material:

  • Who is the author of your source?
  • For what purpose is it published?
  • Is the research still relevant?
  • Where have the research been published? Has it been reviewed? ( peer-review)
  • Can other check the results?
  • What information do you get from other sources at the same event?
  • If others have done similar studies, which results have they reached?
  • Does the timing in movies and audio clips add up?
  • Who funded the research?
  • Does the results seem trustworthy? Are there other sources that are trustworthy to say the same thing?
  • Are the conclusions reasonable based on the theory and methodology used?

Take a look at the web page Källlkritik on the Internet which is a guide that .SE stands behind and which shows how you can review content on web pages.

It can be helpful to know what obligations you as the author of your essay or thesis have regarding plagiarism. On the University web you can find a great anti-plagiarism guide where most aspects of this matter are included. It is available through Ping Pong, but also open on the web from this page (click on the link in the text far down on the page).
And please see the movie where our former librarian Eli Bytoft-Nyaas is talking about the subject and deal critically  with sources and references. The anti-plagiarism tutorial included Urkund, a plagiarism handbook that inlcudes a list to look at if you want to know what actually is plagiarism when writing.

Text: Lena Holmberg
Bild. Colourbox

Ebrarys makeover

One of our e-book providers Ebrary has updated its interface, it has become considerably easier to navigate. On our website, we describe the site as follows: “Ebrary contains approximately 40.000 books within most subject categories, such as technology, science, the arts, health and medicine, social sciences, computers and information technology.”

You can reach the books by searching the library’s Summon on our website or on our page for E-books. You will have to log in if you are outside of the University network with your regular log in details. If you don’t know what you are looking for you can use the Ebrary site to search for titles or subjects and additionally browse subjects in areas like Computer, Education, Medicine, Technology, Economics and History just to name a few.

Once you find the book you are looking for, it looks like the image below. You choose between reading the book online (requires connection to the Internet) or download it to your computer / tablet / smartphone. To download the book, you need to create an account. Once you do, you can download the book, underline in it, take notes, choose refrerence management system as default and save the book on your bookshelf in Ebrary. To read the book, you need an Adobe ID and an e-book reader to suit the device you’ll read (Read more in this blog post about the readers / apps we recommend).

Ebrary

 

In Ebrary it’s also clear how many pages you can print off the books and how many you can copy.

 

Ebrary_no_download

 

 

Some books from Ebrary does not allow downloading. But this is very clear when you have found the title you want to read.

 

 

Ebrary_refereraYou can easily refer correctly from Ebrary. You press the button Cite Book (seen above on the first picture). Then you can select the style, in my example I chose Harvard. Then you can simply copy the reference into the documented your’e working on. Or you can choose to export to Flow / RefWorks or Endnote / Citavi. Endnote is freely available to students at the University of Borås, and are installed on all our computers, but you can also get it to your own computer. Flow is a new free reference management system for you as a student at the University of Borås by the same company, ProQuest, that supplies our search system Summon, Flow works best with ProQuests own databases and services so we recommend Endnote since it is compatible with most of our resources.

Hope you enjoy Ebrarys new interface as much as we do. Please contact us if you have questions at biblioteket@hb.se

Text and Picture: Lisa Carlson

Academic texts, part 4: References

Reference management is an important part of scientific texts. References should be used in detail and in a correct manner to support your discussions and arguments. You use references to previous research to support your own study – you provide a context for your study. It is also considered good academic conduct (both towards other authors but also readers) to cite others’ work correctly. Through the text you refer to you take part in  scientific tradition; you show where you belong scientificly. References can also be used in a rhetorical way – to convince the reader that you know relevant litterature.

In different scientific genres and sub-genres references are handled different and also there are varying ways to form and to use citations and references within differend fields. There are texts which have great influence on science which do not include comprehensive references. An example of this is  Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations (Philosophische Untersuchungen). Maybe one could debate whether these texts are scientific or not but they are seen as highly reasonable to cite in today’s scientific texts.

Further reading:

Hellqvist, B. (2010). Referencing in the humanities and its implications for citation analysisJournal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(2), 310-318.

//Helena Francke, lector at BHS

Blog posts are translated from Swedish by Pieta Eklund.

Refer to unpublished works

Yloginesterday I got the question of how to refer to something that is behind a login. It could be a document or webpage that is not available to everyone. This can of course lead to difficulties for the person checking your references.

This may include documents / information in an intranet, a presentation of some sort that you got from a person, for example, someone you interviewed for the assignment, or a checklist for environmental certification of a company as was the case yesterday. For this type of material you use the phrase [unpublished manuscript] or other appropriate phrase like [PowerPoint presentation] or [checklist for environmental certification] after the title of the document.

The reference in yesterday’s case, would look something like this:

Author / Editor, (Year) Title [checklist environmental certification] Location: Company / Organization

Text: Lisa Carlson

Help with your references

You can use automatic features of the various search engines to get the information to be included in the bibliography.

Summon – www.hb.se / library
The library’s multi-search discovery tool. Here you will find references to our printed books and lots of e-books and articles.

Libris – libris.kb.se
Sweden’s national library catalog. Here you can find books, dissertations, reports, and so forth, available at Swedish libraries.

Google Scholar – scholar.google.se 
Here you can do a broad search for scientific literature. You also can find student papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from universities and academic publishers here. Note, however, that everything in Google Scholar is not “scientific” but there are still different in content and functions other than the search engine Google.

Completing required
Please note that the appearance and content can vary between different search engines – therefore, always make sure that all references in your source list has a consistent look and follows the style you’ve chosen to use. Especially Swedish article references are sometimes inaccurate and needs to be adjusted. Below two examples from the Harvard style:

Reference to the book:
Eklund, K. (2007). Our economy: An introduction to the national economy. 11. Edition, Stockholm: Norstedt academic publishers.

The reference to article:
Elmqvist, C., Brown, D., Fridlund, B., & Ekebergh, M. (2010). Being first on the scene of an accident – experiences of ‘doing’ prehospital emergency care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24 (2), ss. 266-273.COLOURBOX7313844

Other databases and search engines
The subject-specific databases that the library subscribes to also have these features.Contact the library if you have any questions regarding any individual database!

Text: Sara Hellberg

Updated: 2014-10-03 Lisa Carlson