Essay Tips – How do I refer correctly and avoid plagiarism?


When writing a report, essay or other academic text, you should always refer, refer to your sources in a standardized way.

It should be clear what basis you have for your interpretations and claims.It should clearly state what is your own conclusions and thoughts and what you have downloaded from others.It should be easy to find your way back to the source if you want to know more or check your data. If you’re not referencing correctly, you risk being suspected of plagiarism, ie that you present others’ results, conclusions or ideas as if they were your own. Plagiarism is cheating, which the University of Borås takes seriously. Anyone who gets caught with plagiarism risk getting a warning or at worst, be suspended from the program.

There are essentially three types of styles for writing references – footnotes, numerical and author-year. Which style you use depends mainly on what discipline you belong and publishes your needs. Common to the different styles is that the inside of the text is a concise reference, either a number, footnote or a parenthesis, indicating the source of information is derived from. This reference points to a bibliographic reference found in the bibliography at the end of the text. The reference in the bibliography is more comprehensive than the reference in the text, and the reader can safely identify the alleged source.

Here are some resources:

The easy guide to referencing
APA style
Harvard style

Get more info and tips on our website.

Text: Lisa Carlson