Essay Tips – Scientific articles


What is a scientific article? Appearance and Presentation of the scientific articles may vary between disciplines, but common is that they have a structure like this:

Abstract (an abstract is usually found on the first page, and is a short summary of the article’s purpose, method, results and discussion)
Introduction (why have you researched this subject?)
Method (how the study has been carried out?)
Results (what was the conclusion?)
Discussion (what conclusions are drawn?)
References (the reference list is often long and contains references to many other scientific studies)

For an article to be scientific, it also needs to be published in a scientific journal. In the journal index Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, you can see if the journal is scientific (refereed) to determine what type of article you found.

Helena Francke, a lecturer at the School of Library and information science, have written a number of extensive blog post about scientific texts here in the Library blog:

Text: Sara Hellberg (translated by Lisa Carlson)