Dyslexia- what does it mean?


Dyslexia, or reading and writing difficulties, means that you have difficulties with reading and writing and is a permanent disability.

Reading and writing difficulties can be caused by many different factors. Among other things it can be caused by visual and hearing problems, any type of language disorders, emotional problems or cultural and/or linguistic under-stimulation.
Dyslexia can be an inborn trait or have incurred by a injury or illness.

Today you can, from an early age, detect dyslexia and get help. In Sweden it is speech therapists, special education teachers or psychologists who perform reading and writing difficulties investigations.

Once one has been diagnosed, one can through training and adaption tackle the problem.

Some brief facts about Dyslexia:

  • A common assessment is that 5-8% of population in the literate world have reading and writing difficulties of dyslexic art.
  • Dyslexia is more common among men/boys that women/girls.
  • Dyslexia is not related to level of intelligence.
  • Some famous Dyslexics are: Albert Einstein, John Lennon, Pablo Picasso and Selma Lagerlöf.

The cause of Dyslexia is not completely understood and there are several definitions of Dyslexia. The most common definition comes from The International Dyslexia Association. It says:
“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.” (2002)

If you want to read more about Dyslexia we have right now, in the context of the European Dyslexia week, an exhibition on the 2nd floor of the Library. We also have books for borrowing in the exhibition.

If you want to know how you can get help through the University, you can contact Susanna Hagelberg who is University Dyslexia Counsellor, or read more at http://www.hb.se/en/Current-Student/Support/Student-Services/Disabilities/

Text and Picture: Tandis Talay