Back from the holidays

The Library blog is now back from the holidays. The new term is starting soon but before that it might be useful for you to read some of the previous blog posts.

We wrote a lot about academic texts. These can be useful to read now that the last essay is due or maybe before returning your thesis.Maybe you need help with reference managment? You may want to paginate your work or maybe you want to get started with information seeking? In that case, read our previous blog posts.

Pieta Eklund

 

Season’s Greetings & Happy New Year!

We at the library want to wish you all Happy Holidays and Happy New Year!

We are open a few days during this holiday season. We are open 27/12, 30/12 and 2-3/1) from 10 am 4pm. We will be back to our normal opening hours January 7th. Although we are closed, do not forget that you still have access to all our digital resources; journals, databases books and more.

seasonPieta Eklund

 

Nobel Prize Award Ceremony and Nobel Banquet

Nobel day is 10th December and it is celebrated in the Blue Hall of Stockholm City Hall. The Award Ceremony has been held there since 1934. The Nobel Laureates are presented their prizes, a medal, a diploma and money. Before they are awarded the prize they give a short speech of the work which has led to the Nobel Prize. After the Prize ceremony the Nobel Banquet follows. Average ages of a Nobel Laureate is 59 years, 45 times it has been awarded a woman and 6 persons or organisations have received the prize more than once. e.g. the International Red Cross has received Nobel Peace Prize three times (1917, 1944, 1963) and Marie Curie has received the prize for both physics (1903) and chemistry (1911). More facts about the Nobel Prize.

Swedist Television will be sending the Award Ceremony and Nobel Banquet. You can follow the celebrations at Svtplay.

You can find lots of information about the celebrations and Nobel Laureates at Nobelpize.org; images and video clip from previous celebrations. There is video from the Award Ceremoneis, menus for the previous Banquets and even pictures of the Queen’s gala dresses.

Follow the discussions on Twitter at #NobelPrize

Pieta Eklund

 

 

Nobel Peace Prize

During this week before the Nobel Prize ceremony in Stockolm and Oslo, December 10, we present the Nobel Prize winners and what they have received the prize for.


opcw_logoNobel Peace Prize is awarded to Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for their work to prohibit chemical weapons. Thorbjørn Jagland, the chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, says that OPCW receive the Prize for their ”extensive efforts to eliminate chemial weapons”.

This year again, the Norwegian Nobel Committee receive critisim in the social media on their choise. Many had expressed their supprot of Malala Yousafzai, the young pakistani girl shot to the head and neck when on her way home from school because she is an activist fighting for children’s and expecaillay girls’ rights to education. Jagland defends their choice by reminding us that the disarmament figures prominently in Alfred Nobel’s will.

OPCW is an intergovernemntal organisation making sure that the UN chemical weapons convention is followed. According to OPCW they have been able to reduce the world’s chemical weapons arsenals by 80%. They have been working with disarmament and destruction of chemical weapons in Syria. 189 countries are members. Syria is not a member.

Pieta Eklund

Prize in Economic Sciences

During this week before the Nobel Prize ceremony in Stockolm and Oslo, December 10, we present the Nobel Prize winners and what they have received the prize for.

The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded to Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller. It is impossible to predict if the prices will go up or down tomorrow or next week but it is possible to foresee the broad course of longer time periods. They receive the prize due to the methods they have developed to study the prices of financial asset prices and have applied them in studies of detailed data on the prices of stocks, bonds or other assets. This has led to theory development and professional investment practice. They have laid the gound for asset price resarch. The Nobel Laureates research has had big impact for research of financial markets.

Eugene Fama is born 1939 in Boston, USA. Today he is Robert R. McCormick Distinguished Service Professor of Finance vid University of Chicago, IL, USA

Lars Peter Hansen is born 1952 in USA. Today he is David Rockefeller Distinguished Service Professor in Economics & Statistics vid University of Chicago, IL, USA.

Robert J. Shiller is born 1946. Today he is Sterling Professor of Economics vid Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Reading tips and a longer popular science backgound to the Prize in Economic Sciences.

Pieta Eklund

Nobel Prize in Literature

During this week before the Nobel Prize ceremony in Stockolm and Oslo, December 10, we present the Nobel Prize winners and what they have received the prize for.

The Nobel Prize in Literature is awared to the Canadian author with the words

”master of the contemporary short story”

Words which perhaps take thier inspiration from the author herself: short and precise. Alice Munro often writes about the lives of small town women and is known for clarity and psycoplogical realism. She debuted in 1968 as a novelist and the debute was awarded the most prestigious litarature prize in Canada. She has since then published a number of novels.

Alice Munro is born 1931 in Wingham, Canada.

Titlarna av Alice Munro som finns på biblioteket (both Swedish and English).

Pieta Eklund

To read scientific texts

We have previously written a number of blog posts about how to find scientific articles, how to avoid plagiarism and how to cite correctly but nothing about how to read the texts that you find. This is also a competence in its own right and it is needed to get something out of the texts.

Scientific texts have often the following structure IMR(A)D, introduction, method, results (analysis), discussion, In this blog post you will get a couple of tips on how to read and better understand them.

Abstract has the purpose of giving you a quick indication whether the article is of interest to you or not. It should contain an aim or purpose for the study, how it is done, which results ar presented and which are the conclutions. The introduction has two purposes: create interest and also to set the stydy in a general and field specific context though presenting previous research. Method describes which methods are used to answer the questions. It is important to read this part carefully to be able to discuss the validity of the results. Results present what the research data shows and it can be visualised with figures and tables. Discussion contains results set in a context by using the previous research. Discussion aims also to answer the questions which the study aimed to answer.

When you are reading a text, try to find the main points of the text. Maybe you can find what is suprising, unexpected, in contrast of previous results or what is rarely addressed.

When you are reading a scientific text you can think of the following questions:

  • What is the problem this text is trying to answer? Why is it important to answer?
  • Is the used metod the best to answer the questions or is there a better method?
  • What are the specific results? Can I summarize them in a couple of sentences?
  • Are the results supported by the research data?
  • Are there other ways to interpret the research data which the authors didn’t address?
  • In which way are the results unique/new/unusual/ or supporting compared to other related research in the area?
  • How can the results be related to what I am interested in? To other texts I’ve read?
  • Are there some specific applications presented in the text? Which future experiments could be done? Are the unanswered questions or does the results open for new questions?

You can also draw inferences. E.g. “Rett Syndrome is a childhood neurodevelopmental disorder and one of the most common causes of mental retardation in females with an incidence of 1 in 10000-15000.”[1] Comment: Hmmm…can it be related to a gene on the X-chromosome since it one of the most common causes in females… How common is that?

You should also take notes while reading. The best case scenario is that you take notes electronically because you probably will find a specific note easier later. You can make your own template or you can use the one we have created for you to use while taking notes (Word 2010). You can download it to your own computer. We have also created a Google Drive document. You can download the template in a couple of different formats (file-> download as).

Pieta Eklund

[1] Ballestar, E., Yusufzai, T.M., & Wolffe, A.P. (2000) Effects of Rett Syndrome Mutations of the Methyl-CpG Binding Domain of the Transcriptional Repressor MeCP2
on Selectivity for Association with Methylated DNA. Biochemistry, 31, 7100-7106