Search engines will help you fix the references

You can use automatic features of the various search engines to get the information to be included in the bibliography. / library
The library’s multi-search discovery tool. Here you will find references to our printed books and lots of e-books and articles.
Sweden’s national library catalog. Here you can find books, dissertations, reports, and so forth, available at Swedish libraries.

Google Scholar
Here you can do a broad search for scientific literature. You also can find student papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from universities and academic publishers here. Note, however, that everything in Google Scholar is not “scientific” but there are still different in content and functions other than the search engine Google.

Completing required
Please note that the appearance and content can vary between different search engines – therefore, always make sure that all references in your source list has a consistent look and follows Harvard Guide. Especially Swedish article references are sometimes inaccurate and needs to be adjusted.

Reference to the book:
Eklund, K. (2007). Our economy: An introduction to the national economy. 11. Edition, Stockholm: Norstedt academic publishers.

The reference to article:
Elmqvist, C., Brown, D., Fridlund, B., & Ekebergh, M. (2010). Being first on the scene of an accident – experiences of ‘doing’ prehospital emergency care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24 (2), ss. 266-273.COLOURBOX7313844

Other databases and search engines
The subject-specific databases that the library subscribes to also have these features.Contact the library if you have any questions regarding any individual database!

Text: Sara Hellberg


Dictionaries and Encyclopaedias

dicThe library has many dictionaries and encyclopedias but most of them are not for lending. Why is it so? Dictionaries and encyclopedias are a help in your studies and are needed in the library for looking up a word and get its meaning or translation.

Today, many of the dictionaries and encyclopedias are freely available on the web and the library also has some paid subscriptions. Before it was almost never possible to borrow dictionaries and encyclopedias but today we have a few of Norstedts English-Swedish dictionary for loan (located at floor 3, shelf 423) and we often make older editions for loan, while the newest one get to be REF – and stay in the library. Please visit the library’s databases and see what kind dictionaries and encyclopedias we have for help online!

Text: Lena Holmberg
Picture: Tandis Talay

References to moving images or sound?

These guidelines represent an attempt to address the growing need for a clear,
comprehensive and consistent system for the citation of moving image and sound.
despite the increasing use of audiovisual material in teaching, learning and research in
higher and further education, the basic criteria listed in existing referencing systems such
as Harvard and Chicago do not fully address the wide range of types and formats that
need formal citation, based as they are on standards developed for the written word.

Tip: Sara Hellberg

Text: Lisa Carlson

Help referencing?

A lot of systems today can provide you with accurate references for your essays. Summon can do this with it’s content for example.

Another great tool is the swedish library database Libris. Just search for your author, title och ISBN and choose english as your language:


Then choose the right book from your results:


Be sure you chose the right book by checkning the ISBN, you can also just type in the number in the searchbox to find the right book straight away.


Press cite, and choose if you want to export or just copy/paste your reference right into your document. And voilá, you got yourself a correct reference for your book.


Text: Lisa Carlson

Google is not your source!

Google is not your source I took this photo when I attended a public defence of a doctoral thesis awhile back. I don’t remember anymore what the opponent’s point was but today I got a question at the information point which reminded me of this photo.

The question I got had to do with writing references. We get a lot of questions about how to write references. Sometimes the questions are easy and other times they are difficult. Today the student had found something interesting in Emerald and the student wanted to use it and wanted to know how to write a reference to Emerald.

Using references may have several aims. They might be used to show how much you have read, to show that your argument holds water or to show the current discussions in the scientific field. What is mutual is that when you refer to some material in your text there should be a reference to it in the reference list. It doesn’t matter if you found it via Emerald, Ebsco or Google because the reader might have access to the article via a different database and that’s why it is not of interest to know who has delivered the document to you.

You can search in our databases for all kinds of material and they are always published somewhere. It is not the database, the database host[1] or search engine that is the source you need to refer to but it is the document you found. It is not Google, Emeral or Scopus you refer to. What I’m trying to say is that it is not interesting to know which channel you have used to get access to the document. There is an exception to this though. This is when it is part of your course work do show which databases you have search and which terms you have used. Remember, databases are they way to your source, not the source!

Many of the databases today have tools that help you to create references. There is often a link that is called something like Create a reference, How to cite, Cite this or Create bibliography or you have the possibility to download file that you can open in EndNote. Then it might be called something like Export Citations. By the way, did you know you can download EndNote on your computer if you are a student at University of Borås?

Text: Pieta Eklund

[1] Databases are hosted by different suppliers. One database can be made accessible by a number of hosts, one university has one host and another has someone else. This makes it uninsteresting to say where you found a document. It is not interesting to know if you have used Google or Bing to do your search.