You might be in the midst of searching for scientific articles for your thesis or assignment. Do not forget to think critically when you do this work!
Source criticism is a method to examine the information and facts contained in the sources you choose to use. You value the sources and choose carefully what you want to include. Do not forget to use source criticism on other than text. For example pictures and video that nowdays are equally important to source view given how much you can edit and process them. Remember to differentiate between a primary source and secondary source. The Academy is considered primary sources (first-hand) to be more reliable. You can use following questions, irrespective of the material:
- Who is the author of your source?
- For what purpose is it published?
- Is the research still relevant?
- Where have the research been published? Has it been reviewed? ( peer-review)
- Can other check the results?
- What information do you get from other sources at the same event?
- If others have done similar studies, which results have they reached?
- Does the timing in movies and audio clips add up?
- Who funded the research?
- Does the results seem trustworthy? Are there other sources that are trustworthy to say the same thing?
- Are the conclusions reasonable based on the theory and methodology used?
Take a look at the web page Källlkritik on the Internet which is a guide that .SE stands behind and which shows how you can review content on web pages.
It can be helpful to know what obligations you as the author of your essay or thesis have regarding plagiarism. On the University web you can find a great anti-plagiarism guide where most aspects of this matter are included. It is available through Ping Pong, but also open on the web from this page (click on the link in the text far down on the page).
And please see the movie where our former librarian Eli Bytoft-Nyaas is talking about the subject and deal critically with sources and references. The anti-plagiarism tutorial included Urkund, a plagiarism handbook that inlcudes a list to look at if you want to know what actually is plagiarism when writing.
Text: Lena Holmberg