References to moving images or sound?

These guidelines represent an attempt to address the growing need for a clear,
comprehensive and consistent system for the citation of moving image and sound.
despite the increasing use of audiovisual material in teaching, learning and research in
higher and further education, the basic criteria listed in existing referencing systems such
as Harvard and Chicago do not fully address the wide range of types and formats that
need formal citation, based as they are on standards developed for the written word.

Tip: Sara Hellberg

Text: Lisa Carlson

Help referencing?

A lot of systems today can provide you with accurate references for your essays. Summon can do this with it’s content for example.

Another great tool is the swedish library database Libris. Just search for your author, title och ISBN and choose english as your language:


Then choose the right book from your results:


Be sure you chose the right book by checkning the ISBN, you can also just type in the number in the searchbox to find the right book straight away.


Press cite, and choose if you want to export or just copy/paste your reference right into your document. And voilá, you got yourself a correct reference for your book.


Text: Lisa Carlson